Health Inequalities

Health Inequalities

Health inequities are avoidable inequalities in health between groups of people within countries and between countries. These inequities arise from inequalities within and between societies. Social and economic conditions and their effects on people's lives determine their risk of illness and the actions taken to prevent them becoming ill or treat illness when it occurs.

The poorest of the poor, around the world, have the worst health. Within countries, the evidence shows that in general the lower an individual's socioeconomic position the worse their health. There is a social gradient in health that runs from top to bottom of the socioeconomic spectrum. This is a global phenomenon, seen in low, middle and high income countries. The social gradient in health means that health inequities affect everyone.

The global context affects how societies prosper through its impact on international relations and domestic norms and policies. These in turn shape the way society, both at national and local level, organizes its affairs, giving rise to forms of social position and hierarchy, whereby populations are organized according to income, education, occupation, gender, race/ethnicity and other factors. Where people are in the social hierarchy affects the conditions in which they grow, learn, live, work and age, their vulnerability to ill health and the consequences of ill health.

(WHO, 2015)

The Miniature Earth. 2010 edition. Official version

To view more videos on this topic, visit the Sound and Vision page

Want to contribute to this section?

Send us your submission and information to add to the network

 

Videos

  • Video link

    Julian Tudor Hart Lecture 2016, given by Professor Danny Dorling

    1 year ago • 90 views

RT : 'The fact that photography has the ability to help people with dementia, help them feel much more happy and healthy, is…

@PHNetworkCymru

RT : Help Me Quit are with you every step of the way on your smokefree journey. Support is available in: • Meeting with ot…

@PHNetworkCymru

An exciting and new role for a driven Health Economist to lead the application of health economics in population he… http://t.co/72TBADjVrU

@PHNetworkCymru