Oral health is essential to general health and quality of life. It is a state of being free from mouth and facial pain, oral and throat cancer, oral infection and sores, periodontal (gum) disease, tooth decay, tooth loss, and other diseases and disorders that limit an individual’s capacity in biting, chewing, smiling, speaking, and psychosocial wellbeing.
Prevention is the key to oral health improvement. Reducing the risks factors of oral disease can be maximised if dental services and oral health improvement programmes are oriented towards prevention, and integrated with other services and health improvement initiatives. Risk factors for oral diseases include an unhealthy diet, tobacco use and harmful alcohol use. Poor oral hygiene is also a risk factor for oral disease. Public Health Wales, 2015
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