Good nutrition – an adequate, well balanced diet combined with regular physical activity – is a cornerstone of good health. Poor nutrition can lead to reduced immunity, increased susceptibility to disease, impaired physical and mental development, and reduced productivity.
No single food contains all the essential nutrients the body needs to be healthy and function efficiently. A healthy balanced diet needs to include a variety of foods from each food group. The EatWell Guide highlights the proportions in which foods should be eaten from each of the food groups to provide a healthy diet that supplies all the nutrients the body needs to be fit and healthy.
Diet has an important role to play in the prevention of coronary heart disease and cancer, the main causes of death in Wales. In Wales, as in the rest of the UK, our diet does not meet Government dietary recommendations. Integrated national and local policies and programmes are therefore required to effectively promote a healthier diet and to reduce inequalities in health. (Food and Wellbeing, Food Standards Agency/Welsh Assembly Government 2003).
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